It was previously known as the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC, and also known as the Group for Call and Combat). In 2007, the group changed its name to "al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb". The Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) is an Islamist militant organization which aims to overthrow the Algerian government and institute an Islamic state. In the end, it is currently engaged in an insurgent campaign.
The group has declared its intention to attack European, Spanish, French, and American targets. It has been designated as a Foreign Terrorist Organization by the U.S. Department of State, and similarly classified as a terrorist organization by the European Union.
Membership is mostly drawn from the Algerian and local Saharan communities (such as the Tuaregs and Berabiche tribal clans of Mali), as well as Moroccans from city suburbs of the North African country. The outfit has also been suspected of having links with the Somalia-based militant group Al-Shabaab. AQIM voiced support for demonstrations against the Tunisian and Algerian Governments in a video released on 13 January 2011. Al Qaeda offered military aid and training to the demonstrators, calling on them to overthrow "the corrupt, criminal and tyrannical" regime, calling for "retaliation" against the Tunisian government, and also calling for the overthrow of Algerian president Abdelaziz Bouteflika. AQIM leader Abu Musab Abdul Wadud appeared in the video, calling for Islamic sharia law to be established in Tunisia. Al Qaeda has begun recruiting anti-government demonstrators, some of them have previously fought against American forces in Iraq and Israeli forces in Gaza.
AQIM has also endorsed efforts in Libya to topple the regime of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, though it remains unclear how many fighters in Libya are loyal to al-Qaeda. Gaddafi seized on the expression of support and help for the rebel movement to blame al-Qaeda for fomenting the uprising.
In some ways, the oppressive and corrupt regimes of Algeria, Tunisia, Mali and Morocco could be considered responsible, as they leave little room for their citizens to voice their disapproval but to join the militants and these states are somewhat less developed then other sub-saharan countries and they don’t coordinate their efforts to hunt these terrorists down.
Due to the recent French intervention in Mali, radicals suffered casualties but they remain active and committed several atrocities in 2011-2013.
Timeline of the latest events
Actions of the UN
Authorities of Northern Africa continue to wage war on the militants, as do the French troops in Mali, but UN took no measures concerning this question.
Due to the instability in Egypt, Mali, Libya and the failure of so called «war on terror» Al Qaeda continues to florish and grow in power according to the intelligence’s of EU, US and Russia alike, it would be wise for the member states of UN security council to consider following the French example and directly intervening in order to wipe out the muslim radicals once and for all.