The term “juvenile justice” refers to legislation, norms and standards, procedures, mechanisms and provision, institutions and bodies specifically applicable to juvenile offenders.
Juvenile technologies - a set of measures aimed at the realization and protection of rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of juveniles.
In some countries including Russian Federation the European (Western) juvenile justice system is an object of criticism as is seems to erase the self-identity of the inhabitants, national and religious traditions. Some religious organizations insist that principles and Western Juvenile technologies are contrary to the practice of traditional religions and traditions of family education.
These organizations are convinced that existing in Western countries juvenile justice system, on one hand, is aimed at the maximum mitigation of treatment of juvenile offenders; and on the other hand, the introduction of these juvenile technologies legalized removal of any child from the family under pretence of protecting the child’s interests. This means that the family does not have to be asocial and the child may not be threatened. Thus, one of the key problems in juvenile justice lies in the triangle child-parents-juvenile system. A child has a right to inform guardianship authorities on violation of his/her rights by parents. Consequently, parents will be checked how properly they execute their parental duties. Mainly, the child gets immediately taken away from "improper" parents to an orphanage or foster parents before checking the facts.
trampling and deprivation of parental rights
The aspect that also needs to be considered and has always been controversial and complicated to be correctly resolved is the way juvenile offenders must be treated and judged in. Most legal systems prescribe specific procedures for dealing with juveniles, such as juvenile detention centers, and courts. Depending on the type and severity of the offense committed, it is possible for persons under 18 to be charged and tried as adults.
Previous attempts to resolve the issue
Juvenal justice as a part of international law is a product of the UN Organization action, so consequently the UN organization as a whole tries to establish it around the world. This occurs due to the United Nations Charter, which states that every subject of the humanity must have equal rights to other, so consequently adults and adolescents must have equal rights but not equal responsibilities.
The main document that prescribes and guarantees the rights of children is the Convention on the Rights of the Child (commonly abbreviated as the CRC, CROC, or UNCRC), adopted by the UN General Assembly on 20 November 1989. The convention defines a child as any human being under the age of eighteen, unless the age of majority is attained earlier under a state's own domestic legislation and it also sets out the civil, political, economic, social, health and cultural rights of children. All other resolutions must not violate the Convention.
Resolutions on the topic: see http://www.unicef.org/ceecis/protection_7704.html
Supporting and developing the UN current position towards juvenile justice, which states to establish current juvenile system practices inside countries and spread it worldwide
Implementing changes into the current juvenile justice system in order to make it more adequate towards parents and children.
Creating measures that will help to preserve balance between the parental rights and the rights of a child and to act right in each situation
Other possible solutions